persons | British Army officers |
(all Regiments, Corps & Services)
Format - Abbreviations
[His Honour Sir] Carl Douglas
Son of late O. P. and J. M. Aarvold, West
Hartlepool, County Durham; married 1934, Noeline Etrenne Hill,
[Dorking, Surrey ?]
Education: Durham School; Emmanuel College,
Cambridge (Hon. Fellow, 1976)
Chairman, Inner London Probation Committee, 1965-75; President, Central Council of Probation Committees, 1968-75; Chairman, Home Secretary's Advice Board on Restricted Patients, 1978-81. Chairman: RAC, 1978-81; Statutory Committee, Pharmaceutical Society, 1981-86. DL Surrey, 1973. Hon. LLD Dalhousie, 1962; Hon. DCL Durham, 1965. President, Lawn Tennis Association, 1962-81.
Here the last name and full first names are given, followed (when applicable) by titles of nobility. Titles like "Sir" are placed between square brackets  when the person was knighted after 1945. A first name in italics is the name by which one is generally known. A nickname is added in apostrophes. Family circumstances (parents, marriage, children & place of origin) are given when known.
A date & place of birth are given when known, a question mark when not known, and a year with question mark when guessed.
A date of death is given when known. Place of death is indicated when known, or when not exactly known the last known place of residence, which in some (or most) cases may be the place of death as well. When known the last resting place is also indicated, or the Memorial where the person is commemorated. If there's an indication the person was still alive at some date, this can also be indicated. Places of birth & death given are in many cases the wider areas / districts and not necessarily the smallest (exact) geographical location.
Ranks are given in sequence from lowest to highest (when known). When known, a date has been added to the rank. This date of promotion is the administrative date and doesn't necessarily indicate an actual date. E.g. someone is promoted Lieutenant on 01.01.1940, but receives a correction on this date somewhere in 1942 (in stead of a promotion), backdating his promotion to 01.01.1939. Such cases, when known, are indicated with "backdated" or "seniority". Between two promotions officers can hold an "acting" rank (indicated with "A/"). For acting & temporary ranks a period is given when known, otherwise a only starting date. Usually an officer held an acting rank, which, after having held for a certain (limited) period of time, was converted into a temporary rank. Having held a temporary rank for some time resulted in a war substantive appointment. So, usually the order of sequence is: A/, T/, WS/. The date of retirement from active service is indicated with (retd). Upon retirement an officer was entitled to the highest (war) substantive or temporary rank [not acting rank] he held. In this example Major Aarvold retired with the honorary rank of Lieutenant-Colonel, as that was his highest temporary rank. The highlighted rank is the highest rank achieved in wartime (between Sept 1939-Aug 1945).
Decorations are given in a somewhat random order; I've tried to put the higher ones on top, with the foreign awards at the bottom. Foreign awards and other honours can also be indicated below the decorations box. When known, of each decoration the ribbon has been given, the abbreviation, the date (mostly the date of gazetting in the London Gazette) and the action or campaign for which the decoration was awarded. Behind the icon (place your pointer on the icon and wait a few seconds) the full title of the decoration (and when applicable the class within the order) is given. For some decorations, such as the Victoria Cross, the citation for the award has also been reproduced.
Here the career of the officer is given, starting (when known) with his education. In small print on a white background the information of his career before and after the period of 1939-1945 has been given. In larger print on a grey background his wartime career is shown. When known, a year or date is indicated. Dates between rounded brackets indicate that the person was at least serving on that date in the given posting, but exact information about when started or ended fail. E.g. 1942-(05.)1943 indicates that the person served in a certain posting in the years 1942-1943, and in an effort to specify it a bit more it is indicated that he at least still served in May 1943. As the Army List doesn't include wartime postings, and the Army Gradation List only gives staff appointments, the career slate of most officers will be pretty meagre. For every officer at least the date & regiment/corps/service of commissioning is mentioned. Details about postings are often unknown. Underneath the career box details are given about a possible civil career and social & honorary positions.
Something about commissions here. One who decided to make the Army as his profession was commissioned into the the Army after having been trained as a Cadet. He got a [Permanent] Regular Army Commission. The part-time ("weekend") soldiers got a Territorial Army Commission. Wartime circumstances made it necessary to make commissions for the duration of the emergency only, the so-called Emergency Commissions. Officers could be placed in the Reserve of Officers (RARO for Regular Army, TARO for Territorial Army).
Common abbreviations for e.g. educational degrees (MA, BA, BSc etc.) and other non-military affairs are not explained here. Consult a dictionary, if necessary, or look here.
|2nd Lt.||Second Lieutenant|
|A/||Acting [rank for a certain period]|
|AAC||Army Air Corps|
|ACC||Army Catering Corps|
|BGS||Brigadier General Staff|
|Br.||Brevet [a commission giving a military officer higher nominal rank than that for which pay is received]|
|CMP||Corps of Military Police|
|CRA||Commander Royal Artillery|
|CRE||Commander Royal Engineers|
|DAAG||Deputy Assistant Adjutant-General|
|DA&QMG||Deputy Adjutant & Quartermaster-General|
|GOC||General Officer Commanding|
|GOC-in-C||General Officer Commanding-in-Chief|
|GSO1||General Staff Officer, 1st grade|
|GSO2||General Staff Officer, 2nd grade|
|GSO3||General Staff Officer, 3rd grade|
|Hon.||Honorary [rank held upon retirement, when higher than substantive rank]|
|IARO||Indian Army Reserve of Officers|
|jssc||qualified at a course at the Joint Services Staff College|
|KIA||killed in action|
|KOSB||The King's Own Scottish Borderers|
|KRRC||The King's Royal Rifle Corps|
|LRPU||Long Range Patrol Unit|
|LRDG||Long Range Desert Group|
|OCTU||Officer Cadet Training Unit|
|OTC||Officer Training Corps|
|POW||prisoner of war|
|psc||graduate of a Staff College (Camberley or Quetta)|
|RAC||Royal Armoured Corps|
|RAOC||Royal Army Ordnance Corps|
|RAPC||Royal Army Pay Corps|
|RASC||Royal Army Service Corps|
|RARO||Regular Army Reserve of Officers|
|RAMC||Royal Army Medical Corps|
|RFA||Royal Field Artillery|
|RHA||Royal Horse Artillery|
|RMA||Royal Military Academy, Woolwich [post-war: Sandhurst]|
|RMC||Royal Military College, Sandhurst|
|RTR||Royal Tank Regiment|
|SADE||Specialised Armour Development Establishment|
|Serjt.||Serjeant = Sergeant|
|SRO||Supplementary Reserve of Officers|
|T/||Temporary [rank for a certain period]|
|TARO||Territorial Army Reserve of Officers|
|TSO||Technical Staff Officer|
|WS/||War Substantive [for the duration of wartime service only]|
|Wt.Offr.||Warrant Officer [Class I / Class II]|