42nd US Infantry Division "Rainbow"
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Divisional information
Divisional troops
Attachments
Assignments
Detachments
Command Posts


Divisional information

History
Activated 14.07.1943
Arrived ETO 18.01.1945 (first elements: 09.12.1944)
Arrived Continent (D+156) 18.01.1945
Entered Combat (First Elements) 24.12.1944
Entered Combat (Entire Division) 17.02.1945

Statistic
Days in Combat 106
Prisoners of War Taken 59.128

Casualties (Tentative)
Killed 333
Wouded 1.800
Missing 1.459
Captured 6
Battle Casualties 3.598
Non Battle Casualties 2.351
Total Casualties 5.949
Percent of T/O Strength 42.2%

Individual Awards
Distinguished Service Cross1
Legion of Merit3
Silver Star185
Soldiers Medal3
Bronze Star515
Air Medal15

Campaigns
Rhinelandin WWII
Central Europein WWII

Commanding General (CG)

00.00.1943-00.00.1946 Maj.-Gen. Harry J. Collins

Assistant Division Commander
00.00.1944-00.00.1945 Brig.-Gen. Henning Linden

Artillery Commander
24.12.1944 Col. Giles R. Carpenter

Chief of Staff
24.12.1944 Col. Burns Beal
29.04.1945 Lt.-Col. Robert G. Sherrard

Assistant Chief of Staff G-1
24.12.1944 Lt.-Col. Roy N. Walker

Assistant Chief of Staff G-2
24.12.1944 Lt.-Col. John C. F. Tillson, III
09.03.1945 Lt.-Col Edwin Rusteberg

Assistant Chief of Staff G-3
24.12.1944 Lt.-Col. Frederick W. Coleman
08.04.1945 Lt.-Col. Robert G. Sherrard
29.04.1945 Lt.-Col. Frederick W. Coleman (acting)
03.05.1945 Lt.-Col. Frederick W. Coleman

Assistant Chief of Staff G-4
24.12.1944 Lt.-Col. Robert G. Sherrard
08.03.1945 Maj. Donald Swihart

Assistant Chief of Staff G-5
03.02.1945 Maj. James F. X. O'Connell

Adjutant General
24.12.1944 Lt.-Col. James D. Tanner


Divisional troops

Infantry

222nd Infantry Regiment 00.00.0000-00.00.0000
232nd Infantry Regiment 00.00.0000-00.00.0000
242nd Infantry Regiment 00.00.0000-00.00.0000

Field Artillery (FA)
 
Divisional Artillery 00.00.0000-00.00.0000
232nd Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer) 00.00.0000-00.00.0000
292nd Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer) 00.00.0000-00.00.0000
402nd Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer) 00.00.0000-00.00.0000
542nd Field Artillery Battalion (155mm Howitzer) 00.00.0000-00.00.0000

Special Troops
 
Special Troops Headquarters 00.00.0000-00.00.0000
42nd Reconnaissance Troop (Mechanized) 00.00.0000-00.00.0000
42nd Quartermaster Company 00.00.0000-00.00.0000
132nd Signal Company 00.00.0000-00.00.0000
742nd Ordnance Light Maintenance Company 00.00.0000-00.00.0000
Military Police Platoon 00.00.0000-00.00.0000

Other Units
 
142nd Engineer Combat Battalion 00.00.0000-00.00.0000
122nd Medical Battalion 00.00.0000-00.00.0000
Band 00.00.0000-00.00.0000
Headquarters Company 00.00.0000-00.00.0000

Attachments

Anti-Aircraft Artillery (AAA)
 
431st AAA AW Battalion (Mobile) 16.03.1945-27.03.1945
431st AAA AW Battalion (Mobile) 22.04.1945-05.07.1945

Armor
 
191st Tank Battalion 17.02.1945-04.03.1945
B & D Companies, 48th Tank Battalion, 14th Armored Division 04.03.1945-12.03.1945
48th Tank Battalion (less D Company) 12.03.1945-25.03.1945
749th Tank Battalion 26.03.1945-28.03.1945
CC A, 12th Armored Division 07.04.1945-14.04.1945
27th Tank Battalion, 20th Armored Division 24.04.1945-28.04.1945 & 30.04.1945-10.05.1945

Cavalry
 
117th Cavalry Recon Squad 13.03.1945-24.03.1945

Chemical

 
83rd Chemical Mortar Battalion (less A, B & C Companies) 17.02.1945-20.02.1945
C Company, 83rd Chemical Mortar Battalion 17.02.1945-04.03.1945
A Company, 83rd Chemical Mortar Battalion 04.03.1945-25.03.1945
168th Chemical SG Company 23.03.1945-24.03.1945
1 Platoon, 168th Chemical SG Company 23.03.1945-14.05.1945
163rd Chemical SG Company 03.04.1945-09.04.1945
99th Chemical Mortar Battalion 03.04.1945-19.04.1945
A Company, 2nd Chemical Mortar Battalion 22.04.1945-end of war
2nd Chemical Mortar Battalion (less) 06.05.1945-end of war
B Company, 2nd Chemical Mortar Battalion 09.05.1945-end of war

Field Artillery (FA)

69th Armored FA Battalion 16.02.1945-25.03.1945
969th FA Battalion (155mm Howitzer) 02.04.1945-21.04.1945
693rd FA Battalion (105mm Howitzer) 20.04.1945-29.04.1945
414th Armored FA Battalion, 20th Armored Division 24.04.1945-28.04.1945
283rd FA Battalion (105mm Howitzer) 01.05.1945-05.05.1945
250th FA Battalion (105mm Howizter) 02.05.1945-05.05.1945

Tank Destroyer (TD)

 
645th TD Battalion (SP) (less A Company) 17.02.1945-04.03.1945
510th TD Battalion 12.03.1945-16.03.1945
692nd TD Battalion (SP) 15.03.1945-29.03.1945 & 31.03.1945-12.07.1945


Assignments
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Date Assigned to Corps Assigned to Army Attached to Army Assigned to Army Group Attached to Army Group
04.12.1944       ETOUSA; 6th  
10.12.1945   Seventh Army   6th Army Group  
15.12.1944   Third Army   12th Army Group  
24.12.1944 VI Corps Seventh Army   6th Army Group  
25.03.1945 XXI Corps Seventh Army   6th Army Group  
19.04.1945 XV Corps Seventh Army   6th Army Group  

Detachments
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Unit Attached to  
3rd Battalion, 222nd Infantry Regiment 12th Armored Division 02.04.1945-08.04.1945
2nd Battalion, 242nd Infantry Regiment 12th Armored Division 06.04.1945-10.04.1945
G Company, 242nd Infantry Regiment 12th Armored Division 10.04.1945-12.04.1945
3rd Battalion, 242nd Infantry Regiment 12th Armored Division 12.04.1945-14.04.1945
L Company, 232nd Infantry Regiment XXI Corps 12.04.1945-23.04.1945
42nd Recon Troop 12th Armored Division 13.04.1945-14.04.1945
A & C Companies, 232nd Infantry Regiment XXI Corps 13.04.1945-15.04.1945
1st Battalion, 222nd Infantry Regiment XV Corps 19.04.1945-21.04.1945
3rd Battalion, 232rd Infantry Regiment XV Corps 01.05.1945-04.05.1945

Command Posts
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Date Town Region Country
24.12.1944 Strasbourg Bas-Rhin France
26.12.1944 Koenigshoffen Bas-Rhin France
06.01.1945 Hagenau Bas-Rhin France
24.01.1945 Hochfelden Bas-Rhin France
29.01.1945 Vic-sur-Seille Moselle France
* All the above dates: Task Force Linden (composed of three regiments and detachment of Division Headquarters of 42nd Infantry Division became operational prior to arrival in European Theater of Operations of entire division).
06.02.1945 Vic-sur-Seille Moselle France
* Command Post of entire division. Task Force Linden dissolved this date.
17.02.1945 La Petite Pierre (Lutzelstein) Bas-Rhin France
15.03.1945 Wimmenau Bas-Rhin France
18.03.1945 Barenthal Bas-Rhin France
19.03.1945 Phillipsbourg Bas-Rhin France
22.03.1945 Obersteinbach Bas-Rhin France
25.03.1945 Dahn Pfalz Germany
01.04.1945 Klein Heubach Baden Germany
04.04.1945 Remlingen Bavaria Germany
06.04.1945 Wurzburg Bavaria Germany
10.04.1945 Kurnach Bavaria Germany
11.04.1945 Stettbach Bavaria Germany
16.04.1945 Scheinfeld Bavaria Germany
17.04.1945 Neustadt Bavaria Germany
18.04.1945 Langenzenn Bavaria Germany
20.04.1945 Burgfarrnbach Bavaria Germany
22.04.1945 Veitsaurach Bavaria Germany
23.04.1945 Winsbach Bavaria Germany
24.04.1945 Gunzenhausen Bavaria Germany
25.04.1945 Wemding Bavaria Germany
26.04.1945 Buchdorf Bavaria Germany
28.04.1945 Rain Bavaria Germany
29.04.1945 Unter Barr Bavaria Germany
30.04.1945 Rossbach Bavaria Germany
01.05.1945 Ober Menzing Bavaria Germany
02.05.1945 Munich Bavaria Germany
03.05.1945 Pfammern Bavaria Germany
04.05.1945 Asling Bavaria Germany
05.05.1945 Obing Bavaria Germany
06.05.1945 Palling Bavaria Germany

Sources & links: US Army Center of Military History
  42ID Online the official Home of 42nd Infantry Division
  Generals of World War II
  WWII Photos of Mickey Martins
Site design & initiative: Hans Houterman
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Thanks to: Leo van Bussel (from Holland)
Last update: 07.08.2008
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