9th US Armored Division "Phantom"
home

Divisional information
Divisional troops
Attachments
Assignments
Detachments
Command Posts


Divisional information

Specials
[read more] Read more about the structure of an US Armored Division in 1942.
[read more] Read more about the structure of an US Armored Division in 1943.

History
Activated 15.07.1942
Arrived ETO 27.08.1944
Arrived Continent (D+111) 25.09.1944
Entered Combat (First Elements) 23.10.1944
Entered Combat (Entire Division) 16.12.1944

Statistic
Days in Combat 91
Prisoners of War Taken 25628

Casualties (Tentative)
Killed 549
Wouded 2198
Missing 1194
Captured 11
Battle Casualties 3952
Non Battle Casualties 1459
Total Casualties 5411
Percent of T/O Strength 50.7%

Individual Awards
Medal of Honor1
Distinguished Service Cross1
Legion of Merit7
Silver Star162
Soldiers Medal12
Bronze Star845
Air Medal23

Medal of Honor Recipients
THORNE, Horace M. [posthumously]
Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Army, Troop D, 89th Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron, 9th Armored Division.
Place and date: Near Grufflingen, Belgium, 21 December 1944.
Citation: He was the leader of a combat patrol on 21 December 1944 near Grufflingen, Belgium, with the mission of driving German forces from dug-in positions in a heavily wooded area. As he advanced his light machinegun, a German Mark Ill tank emerged from the enemy position and was quickly immobilized by fire from American light tanks supporting the patrol. Two of the enemy tankmen attempted to abandon their vehicle but were killed by Cpl. Thorne's shots before they could jump to the ground. To complete the destruction of the tank and its crew, Cpl. Thorne left his covered position and crept forward alone through intense machinegun fire until close enough to toss 2 grenades into the tank's open turret, killing 2 more Germans. He returned across the same fire-beaten zone as heavy mortar fire began falling in the area, seized his machinegun and, without help, dragged it to the knocked-out tank and set it up on the vehicle's rear deck. He fired short rapid bursts into the enemy positions from his advantageous but exposed location, killing or wounding 8. Two enemy machinegun crews abandoned their positions and retreated in confusion. His gun Jammed; but rather than leave his self-chosen post he attempted to clear the stoppage; enemy small-arms fire, concentrated on the tank, killed him instantly. Cpl. Thorne, displaying heroic initiative and intrepid fighting qualities, inflicted costly casualties on the enemy and insured the success of his patrol's mission by the sacrifice of his life.

Campaigns
Rhinelandin WWII
Ardennes-Alsacein WWII
Central Europein WWII

Commanding General (CG)

27.08.1944 Maj.-Gen. John W. Leonard

Artillery Commander
27.08.1944 Col. Joseph W. West

Chief of Staff
27.08.1944 Col. Albert G. Kelly
17.10.1944 Col. Joseph L. Gilbreth
26.11.1944 Col. Harry W. Johnson
23.03.1945 Col. Walter Burnside

Assistant Chief of Staff G-1
27.08.1944 Lt.-Col. Carl N. Smith

Assistant Chief of Staff G-2
27.08.1944 Lt.-Col. Ewing L. Lusk (Jr.)

Assistant Chief of Staff G-3
27.08.1944 Lt.-Col. John S. Growden

Assistant Chief of Staff G-4
27.08.1944 Lt.-Col. Robbie W. Adams

Assistant Chief of Staff G-5
30.08.1944 Maj. Howard P. Morley

Adjutant General
27.08.1944 Lt.-Col. Sidney Sogard

Commanding Officer, Combat Command A
27.08.1944 Col. Thomas L. Harrold
03.05.1945 Brig.-Gen. Thomas L. Harrold

Commanding Officer, Combat Command B
27.08.1944 Brig.-Gen. Edwin W. Pilburn
02.11.1944 Brig.-Gen. William Hoge
23.03.1945 Col. Harry W. Johnson

Commanding Officer Combat Command R(eserve)
27.08.1944 Lt.-Col. Adna C. Hamilton
12.09.1944 Col. Adna C. Hamilton
26.11.1944 Col. Joseph H. Gilbreth
21.01.1945 Col. Walter Burnside
23.03.1945 Lt.-Col. Charlie Wesner
28.04.1945 Lt.-Col. Farris N. Latimer

Divisional troops

Armor

2nd Tank Battalion 00.00.0000-00.00.0000
14th Tank Battalion 00.00.0000-00.00.0000
19th Tank Battalion 00.00.0000-00.00.0000

Field Artillery (FA)
 
3rd Armored FA Battalion 00.00.0000-00.00.0000
16th Armored FA Battalion 00.00.0000-00.00.0000
73rd Armored FA Battalion 00.00.0000-00.00.0000

Infantry
 
27th Armored Infantry Battalion 00.00.0000-00.00.0000
52nd Armored Infantry Battalion 00.00.0000-00.00.0000
60th Armored Infantry Battalion 00.00.0000-00.00.0000

Other troops
 
Division Hq & Hq Company 00.00.0000-00.00.0000
Hq & Hq Battery, Division Artillery 00.00.0000-00.00.0000
Hq & Hq Company, Division Trains 00.00.0000-00.00.0000
Hq & Hq Company, Combat Command A (CCA) 00.00.0000-00.00.0000
Hq & Hq Company, Combat Command B (CCB) 00.00.0000-00.00.0000
Hq & Hq Company, Combat Command R (CCR) 00.00.0000-00.00.0000
149th Armored Signal Company 00.00.0000-00.00.0000
9th Armored Engineer Battalion 00.00.0000-00.00.0000
89th Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron (Mechanized) 00.00.0000-00.00.0000
131st Ordnance Maintenance Battalion 00.00.0000-00.00.0000
2nd Armored Medical Battalion 00.00.0000-00.00.0000
Military Police Platoon 00.00.0000-00.00.0000
Band 00.00.0000-00.00.0000

Attachments

Anti-Aircraft Artillery (AAA)
 
482nd AAA AW Battalion (SP) 02.11.1944-08.01.1945 & 22.02.1945-09.05.1945

Armor
 
Hq & Hq Company, 12th Armored Group 04.12.1944-08.01.1945
CC R, 10th Armored Division 22.12.1944-26.12.1944

Cavalry
 
18th Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron 21.03.1945-22.03.1945

Field Artillery (FA)

400th FA Battalion 28.02.1945-13.03.1945
667th FA Battallion (155mm Howitzer) 28.02.1945-13.03.1945
60th FA Battalion, 9th Infantry Division (105mm Howitzer) 03.03.1945-06.03.1945
84th FA Battalion, 9th Infantry Division (105mm Howitzer) 07.03.1945-09.03.1945
186th FA Battalion (155mm Howitzer) 26.03.1945-20.04.1945
A Battery, 987th FA Battalion (155mm Gun) 01.04.1945-19.04.1945
987th FA Battalion (less A Battery) (155mm Gun) 01.04.1945-23.04.1945
38th FA Battalion, 2nd Infantry Division (105mm Howitzer) 02.04.1945-05.04.1945
406th FA Group 03.04.1945-05.04.1945
200th FA Battalion (155mm Gun) 03.04.1945-05.04.1945
953rd FA Battalion (155mm Howitzer) 03.04.1945-05.04.1945

Infantry

 
109th Infantry Regiment, 28th Infantry Division 20.12.1944-22.12.1944
1st Battalion, 310th Infantry Regiment, 78th Infantry Division 01.03.1945-09.03.1945
3rd Battalion, 310th Infantry Regiment, 78th Infantry Division 01.03.1945-09.03.1945
60th CT, 9th Infantry Division 03.03.1945-05.03.1945
2nd Battalion, 310th Infantry Regiment, 78th Infantry Division 05.03.1945-09.03.1945
47th CT, 9th Infantry Division 07.03.1945-09.03.1945
311th CT, 78th Infantry Division 08.03.1945-09.03.1945
1st Battalion, 60th Infantry Regiment, 9th Infantry Division 08.03.1945-09.03.1945
309th CT, 78th Infantry Division 08.03.1945-09.03.1945
38th CT, 2nd Battalion 25.03.1945-05.04.1945
C Company, 2nd Engineer Combat Battalion, 2nd Infantry Division 25.03.1945-05.04.1945
1st Battalion, 23rd Infantry Regiment, 2nd Infantry Division 02.04.1945-05.04.1945
2nd Battalion, 273rd Infantry Regiment, 69th Infantry Division 09.04.1945-18.04.1945
3rd Battalion, 273rd Infantry Regiment, 69th Infantry Division 09.04.1945-20.04.1945
3rd Battalion, 38th Infantry Regiment, 2nd Infantry Division 09.04.1945-21.04.1945

Tank Destroyer (TD)

 
811th TD Battalion (SP) 14.11.1944-08.01.1945
656th TD Battalion (SP) 22.02.1945-09.05.1945


Assignments
Top

29.07.1944 Ninth US Army 
27.08.1944 Ninth US ArmyETOUSA
28.08.1944III US CorpsNinth US Army12th Army Group
05.09.1944XIII US CorpsNinth US Army12th Army Group
28.09.1944III US CorpsNinth US Army12th Army Group
15.10.1944VIII US CorpsNinth US Army12th Army Group
22.10.1944VIII US CorpsFirst US Army12th Army Group
20.12.1944III US CorpsThird US Army12th Army Group
21.12.1944VIII US CorpsThird US Army12th Army Group
31.12.1944 SHAEF Reserve 12th Army Group
08.01.1945 Fifteenth US Army12th Army Group
22.02.1945III US CorpsFirst US Army12th Army Group
21.03.1945V US CorpsFirst US Army12th Army Group
28.04.1945VII US CorpsFirst US Army12th Army Group
30.04.1945VIII US CorpsFirst US Army12th Army Group
04.05.1945V US CorpsFirst US Army12th Army Group
06.05.1945 Third US Army12th Army Group

Detachments
Top

Unit Attached to  
89th Cavalry Recon. Squadron (less C & D Troop) 8th Infantry Division 23.10.1944-01.11.1944
52nd Armored Infantry Battalion 8th Infantry Division 23.10.1944-30.10.1944
27th Armored Infantry Battalion 2nd Infantry Division 27.10.1944-08.11.1944
D Troop, 89th Cavalry Recon. Squadron 2nd Infantry Division 27.10.1944-08.11.1944
Two Platoons, B Company, 9th Armd. Engr. Bn. 2nd Infantry Division 29.10.1944-04.11.1944
89th Cavalry Recon. Squadron (less A & D Troop) 8th Infantry Division 01.11.1944-10.11.1944
60th Armored Infantry Battalion 8th Infantry Division 02.11.1944-09.11.1944
B Company, 52nd Armored Infantry Battalion 83rd Infantry Division 22.11.1944-29.11.1944
A Troop, 89th Cavalry Recon. Squadron 83rd Infantry Division 22.11.1944-28.11.1944 & 05.12.1944-07.12.1944
B Troop, 89th Cavalry Recon. Squadron 83rd Infantry Division 22.11.1944-05.12.1944
C Troop, 89th Cavalry Recon. Squadron 83rd Infantry Division 28.11.1944-07.12.1944
C Company, 52nd Armored Infantry Battalion 83rd Infantry Division 28.11.1944-06.12.1944
A Troop, 89th Cavalry Recon. Squadron 4th Infantry Division 07.12.1944-13.12.1944
C Troop, 89th Cavalry Recon. Squadron 4th Infantry Division 07.12.1944-13.12.1944
C Company, 52nd Armored Infantry Battalion 4th Infantry Division 07.12.1944-13.12.1944
CC B V Corps 12.12.1944-16.12.1944
16th Armored FA Battalion 2nd Infantry Division 12.12.1944-16.12.1944
A Company, 19th Tank Battalion 4th Infantry Division 16.12.1944-19.12.1944
CC B 106th Infantry Division 16.12.1944-21.12.1944
2nd Tank Battalion 101st Airborne Division 19.12.1944-30.12.1944
CC R 101st Airborne Division 19.12.1944-31.12.1944
CC A 10th Armored Division 20.12.1944-26.12.1944
73rd Armored FA Battalion 7th TD Group 20.12.1944-23.12.1944
CC B 7th Armored Division 22.12.1944-07.01.1945
14th Tank Battalion 82nd Airborne Division 23.12.1944-24.12.1944
73rd Armored FA Battalion 28th Infantry Division 24.12.1944-29.12.1944
CC A 4th Armored Division 27.12.1944-30.12.1944
CC B 28th Infantry Division 09.01.1945-10.01.1945
Two Platoons, 14th Tank Battalion 78th Infantry Division 16.02.1945-17.03.1945
CC B 9th Infantry Division 03.03.1945-05.03.1945 & 09.03.1945-12.03.1945
CC A 1st Infantry Division 03.03.1945-08.05.1945
60th Armored Infantry Battalion 78th Infantry Battalion 12.03.1945-16.03.1945
52nd Armored Infantry Battalion 9th Infantry Battalion 16.03.1945-18.03.1945

Command Posts
Top

Date Town Region Country
31.07.1944 Tidworth (Adv) Wiltshire England
28.08.1944 Tidworth (Main) Wiltshire England
23.09.1944 Dorchester Dorset England
25.09.1944 Weymouth Dorset England
28.09.1944 Ste-Marie-Du-Mont Manche France
06.10.1944 Pont L'Abbe-Picauville Manche France
07.10.1944 Ste-Marie-Du-Mont Manche France
13.10.1944 Falaise Calvados France
14.10.1944 Damville Eure France
15.10.1944 Gargan Seine-et-Oise France
16.10.1944 Bergeres les Vertus Marne France
17.10.1944 Verdun Meuse France
18.10.1944 Mersch   Luxembourg
20.12.1944 Walferdange   Luxembourg
23.12.1944 Etalle Luxembourg Belgium
30.12.1944 Guignicourt-sur-Vence Ardennes France
12.01.1945 Bockange Moselle France
14.01.1945 Ennery Moselle France
22.02.1945 Sprimont Liege Belgium
28.02.1945 Gey Rhineland Germany
02.03.1945 Soller Rhineland Germany
04.03.1945 Zulpich Rhineland Germany
06.03.1945 Euskirchen Rhineland Germany
07.03.1945 Stadt Meckenheim Rhineland Germany
10.03.1945 Bad Neuenahr Rhineland Germany
23.03.1945 Rheinbrehl Rhineland Germany
25.03.1945 Neuweid Rhineland Germany
27.03.1945 Elz Nassau Germany
29.03.1945 Rechtenbach Hessen Germany
01.04.1945 Volkmarsen Kurhessen Germany
02.04.1945 Marburg Kurhessen Germany
09.04.1945 Nieder Scheden Hannover Germany
10.04.1945 Grossbruchter Saxony Germany
11.04.1945 Westerengel Thuringia Germany
12.04.1945 Steigra Halle-Messenburg Germany
13.04.1945 Hohenmolsen Halle-Messenburg Germany
15.04.1945 Breitingen Halle-Messenburg Germany
16.04.1945 Bad Lausick Saxony Germany
21.04.1945 Lobstadt Saxony Germany
30.04.1945 Apolda Thuringia Germany
04.05.1945 Munchberg Thuringia Germany
05.05.1945 Wernberg Bavaria Germany
06.05.1945 Weiden Bavaria Germany

Sources & links: In Memory of the 9th Armored Division
  Home of Heroes
Site design & initiative: Hans Houterman
Site created by: Jeroen Koppes
Last update: 30.05.2005
Design notes: CSS - ASP - modules
42015
home